Landscape of Electricity in OregonPlugging In
Over the course of the last several years Oregon has seen a major build-out of EV infrastructure. It is home to three large projects including the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) EV Project, the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) multi-state collaborative the West Coast Electric Highway, and also the ODOT managed TIGER II EV infrastructure project. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) networks such as AeroVironment, Blink, ChargePoint, OpConnect, SemaCharge, ShorePower, and Tesla are operating 1,016 stations in 419 locations in Oregon. Over 100 DC Fast Chargers operate in over 70 locations giving Oregon one of the most complete networks nationally if not globally. With the release of more vehicle models to choose from, EV registrations in Oregon have also grown to just over 6,700. Fleets using electric in our region include Frito Lay, Staples, the City of Portland, the Oregon Department of Transportation, and the Oregon Department of Administrative Services however fleet use has been low compared to purchases by the residents of Oregon. In the last year, CWCCC has sponsored events at EV station grand openings and included EV information in workshop and conference presentations.
Beginning January 1, 2016 the Clean Fuels Program (CFP) will begin. CFP will reduce GHG emissions by 10 percent in the transportation sector over a 10 year period. This program will allow fleets that have EV’s to accumulate credits and sell these credits to obligated parties. The hope is that this will be an added incentive to purchase EV’s for fleets.
CWCCC Work in this Area:
CWCCC has signed a Declaration of Cooperation with Business Oregon, Oregon Department of Energy, Oregon Department of Transportation, Portland General Electric, Drive Oregon, Oregon Municipal Electric Utilities Association, Portland State University, Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium, and the Citizens Utility Board to support implementation of the Energizing Oregon plan through an ongoing coalition. The focus is to coordinate public, private and civic leadership in ensuring that Oregon is well positioned to capitalize on the economic benefits of transportation electrification. The Energizing Oregon Coalition is developing strategies to advance electrification in the transportation sector.
CWCCC hosted a large booth at the Portland International Auto Show that focused on EVs and the infrastructure that is building out in Oregon.
With the funding provided by the 11th Hour Foundation to CWCCC, CWCCC will work with its PCC partners to further deployment of EVs in fleets on the West Coast. The one-year goals of the project are to establish the building blocks for engaging fleet managers and aligning their efforts with the long-range goal of 10 percent EVs in new fleet vehicle purchases by 2016.
To accelerate adoption of electric vehicles and increase fleet engagement in PCC jurisdictions (California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia), CALSTART conducted the following activities described below.
The cost of electric vehicles remains one of the most significant barriers to adoption for our state. While the rate of adoption is growing faster than initial hybrid sales, the lack of a tax credit incentive from the state of Oregon hurts market growth. Legislation passed in the 2013 legislative session, SB 583, created eligibility for alternative fuel vehicles used in business activities to receive tax credits under the Oregon Transportation Energy Incentive Program beginning January 1, 2015, however applications for EV vehicles for business use have been few. Electric vehicles are eligible and would receive a 35% credit on the incremental cost between a conventional vehicle and an EV. Many fleets are unaware of the low cost of owning and operating EVs. CWCCC has produced brochures and hosted and sponsored conferences highlighting these benefits. The initial cost is still the major barrier. A fleet can purchase two or three cars for the same price as one EV. Budgets are tight so it is difficult to get fleets to consider large numbers of these vehicles. Additionally, fleets have different budgets for vehicles and operating costs and that makes it difficult for them to realize the operating costs towards the vehicle. Purchasing decisions of EVs need to reflect the lower operations and maintenance costs as well as understanding depreciation of these vehicles.
alleviate this situation, CWCCC has partnered with the Pacific Coast Collaborative effort to increase fleet adoption of EV’s into their fleet, see below for more information.
Workplace charging is a significant issue in Oregon and CWCCC is working with other groups on how to best overcome this issue. Energize Oregon and Drive Oregon has taken this issue on with participation from the Coalition. This year Oregon Department of Administrative Services (DAS) with the help of CWCCC personnel completed rule making for EV charging at state facilities that encompass workplace charging and public charging. The original legislation stated that the user must pay for the use of the station and the state must not subsidize the project. The problem that has occurred is that DAS has interpreted the legislation to include the entire cost which includes the cost of installing the station itself. Some installations can be quite expensive and when amortized over twenty years can still come to $60 or $80 a month and when you add the cost of administering and the cost of electricity of $20 a month makes the cost to plug-in unreasonable. Continued work in this area is needed to get to a workable solution.